If you are planning to grow marijuana, you will find this article very useful. Cannabis growing is slowly emerging as a complete science and there are separate set of rules for tending the plants indoors, outdoors and in a greenhouse. For first time growers, it can be a challenging and expensive affair especially if you don’t know where to look. If you are planning to grow marijuana for the first time, then it will help you to keep in mind that indoor growing can be a costly option. So you may be thinking what to do next and how to grow the marijuana that you always wanted to. The answer is right here in this article. You can grow marijuana outdoors. To begin with, invest in a small sized outdoor garden where you can grow some quality strains and also get an idea about the growing process.
Outdoor Marijuana Growing Guide
The most inexpensive method is to grow cannabis plants outdoors. You can expect decent yields without much investment. The other option is using a sunny area or a balcony that may be attached to your apartment. A small terrace, rooftop or a flower bed balcony can also do the job equally well. You can also take the help of local gardeners and guides who have done a lot of work cultivating plants outdoors. This may give you a fair guideline but growing marijuana will be different in some aspects. When growing outdoors, there are many factors that you need to keep in mind for outdoor growing. They are as follows:
Understanding the climatic requirements is very essential when planning to grow marijuana outdoors. Generally speaking, marijuana plants are very adaptable to most climate conditions but very hot or very cold weather can damage the crops. The figures that you need to keep in mind are the anything above 86 degree Fahrenheit and below 55 degree Fahrenheit. The plants subjected to high temperatures either die or have stunted growth. If you grow your plans outdoors and the weather is very humid with frequent rains, then the winds and rain can damage the yield by initiating a process of mold and mildew in the flowering stages of growth.
The number of hours of sunlight exposure is also different in different parts of the United States and so you need to be careful as to how much sunlight the plant is getting exposed to. At this time the most helpful source for you is the sunset Magazines climate zone map which considers a lot of outdoor factors like proximity to water bodies, elevation etc and gives you the best climate conditions for any given place. They work similar to the USDA hardiness zone maps.
Another crucial factor that governs outdoor marijuana growing is the location of the plant to be grown. The plant that you are growing needs to be assessed for the type of base it needs. Some plants need large immobile pots and others do well when grown in the soil. Each cannabis plant needs 5 to 6 hours of direct sunlight each day. The best time to receive the light is mid day when the intensity of the light is not too strong.
If you live in an area that is very hot, then the plant should be placed such that it gets direct sunlight in the morning and shaded light during the very hot times of the day. If you reside in a cool climate area then plant the seeds near a heat absorbing substance like a brick wall or fence that provides it with the absorbed heat.
Growing cannabis is slightly different that growing your regular herbs and flowers. You might want to choose a location that will hide the plant from pesky neighbors and potential thieves. You can make use of tall fences or grow tall plants to hide the marijuana shrubs. The only thing that you keep in mind here is that the cannabis plants grow as tall as 15 feet tall so make the necessary space arrangements when growing them.
Marijuana plants when grown outdoors needs adequate acidic soil that is enriched with organic matter. You may plant your seedlings directly in the soil if you are aware of the soil composition or opt for ready to use growing mediums.
The best way to begin growing is to make a pit and fill in large amounts of compost, worm castings, manure and organic matter. This medium will ensure that the seeds planted in it are provided with good aeration and nutrition required for growth.
Sandy soil is also very easy to use and it drains nicely but it cannot hold nutrients in rainy weather. So it is advisable to fill the plantation area with peat moss, compost, coco coir etc to help hold the plant in place.
Professional marijuana growers will do a soil test before they can grow the cannabis seeds. The soil test will be able to give the details like soil pH, contaminants. The test can also give amending fertilizer and material recommendations.
(4) Feeding The Plants:
Cannabis plants need a large amount of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorous. You can use commercial or organic fertilizers. There are special nutrients that are available specially for cannabis plants like Miracle Grow which is a long release granular fertilizer.
These days organic fertilizers are becoming increasingly popular.
Big sized cannabis plants need up to 10 gallons of water every day when the climate is hot. Hot climate outdoor growers dig the soil and place clay or rocks to help the place remain cool. Another option is adding water absorbing polymers to the soil.
Watering the plant regularly is very essential for its optimum growth. The best technique is to water the soil abundantly and to pour more water only after the soil has totally dried up.
Apart from all the above, wind conditions, rain, moisture and plant diseases also need to be kept in mind when growing cannabis plants outdoors.
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